Susan Blakburn wrote, in 1730, there were an estimated 10,000-15,000 people living outside the city. In the mid-18th century, Europeans moved south to Molenvliet, Jacatraweg, to Weltevreden.
They stay away from the city surrounded by walls or the Old City with the aim of finding a healthy environment and not polluted by dirty canals. As a result, in 1779, the population of the Old City fell to 12,131 because there were 160,986 people choosing to live outside the city.
The population exodus indirectly changed the city civilization that was once worshiped more beautiful than the City of Amsterdam. The city was even left like a grave, abandoned, and turned into a horse stable or a horse carriage storage area.
According to JJ Rizal, Batavia collapsed due to the failure of the Batavia Government in planning and managing the city. Batavia was destroyed by an ecological disaster. "Some say that because of Batavia's corruption it collapsed. However, the most important thing is the ecological disaster that attacks through malaria and cholera, "he said.
From the ecological disaster of the Batavia era, Jakarta needed to learn that the failure of urban planning and planning did not recur. Because building a city by ignoring ecology is like piling up problems that can explode at any time.
Indonesia has also been recognized by the world for its success in changing the face of Jakarta. That period was under the leadership of Governor Ali Sadikin.
Darrundono, in his book titled Manifestation of the Social Architecture of the MHT Project, said that during the leadership of Governor Ali Sadikin, there were 60 percent of dirty villages that covered the face of Jakarta.
Ali Sadikin then chose to pay attention to the fate of the small people by arranging the villages of Jakarta. Although the idea was rejected by Head of Bappenas Wijoyo Nitisastro, he was not hopeless. He is steadfast in making improvements to the village using the DKI Regional Government's own budget, albeit in a gradual manner.
The structuring program is part of the MH Thamrin project and took place during the MH Thamrin project volume II (1982-1987), MH Thamrin volume III (1989-1999).
Although the triumph of the MH Thamrin project was relevant in his time, the spirit of Governor Ali Sadikin was worth maintaining. The spirit of Jakarta's first governor made the village structuring project one of the six vital projects worth emulating for the new face of Jakarta.
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