Lenong is a form a role Theater in Batavia that began developing in the late 19th  century. Btavianese is used to know soap opera and royal theater. Soap Opera and Royal Theater played by various ethnic groups using Malay Language. Batavianese imitated the show. Their results show then called lenong.  

Background music’s used in lenong were gambang, kromong, which showed external influences that was developed by the overseas Chinese Community. Especially, With the two – stringed fiddle instrument that comes in three types tehyan, kongahyan and Sukong. Just like gambang kromong, lenong grew in the early age by support from overseas Chienese Community. Beside these fiddle instrument, gambang kromong in lenong also plays instruments that is assumed originated from Batavia, such as gambang kromong, kendang, gong, kempar, ningnong, and kecrek.

In the show, lenong used a horseshoe shaped stage. The stage was set up neatly by usig decorations called seben. Seben consisted of several 3 x 5 meters  screens with picture of the various shades and pattern. Lenong players are called panjak and ronggeng. Panjak means male players while ronggeng means players. The number of players is unlimited, depending on needed.

Lenong performance can be divided into 3 parts. As the opening, the show played marching tunes (Mares in local terms) instrumentally to invite the audience to come. Hormat Selamat  part was also played by playing Angkat Selamet song. After that lenong played the entertainment songs that can be divided into 2 types : lahu dalem and lagu sayur. Lagu dalem is a classical song that is very difficult to sing. Lagu sayur is a modern gambang kromong song, namely : stambul, jali-jali, cente manis, and Persi.

Among the 4 types, Stambul was more often played. Because Stambul better fit in accompanying and developing emotion like sad, happy, disappointed,  and others. The last from Lenong is Player. In early development, The story is about royal family, and then it develop about the stories daily life.

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